The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency and NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) successfully captured a movie of the 'full Earth-rise' using the onboard High Definition Television of the lunar explorer 'KAGUYA' (SELENE) on 30 September 2008. The KAGUYA is currently flying in a lunar orbit at an altitude of about 100 km.
An 'Earth-rise,' or the rising Earth over the Moon, was captured for the second time following the first movie shooting on 6 April 2008. The latest success was a very precious moment because it was one of only two chances in a year for the KAGUYA to capture a full Earth-rise when the orbits of the Moon, the Earth, the Sun and the KAGUYA are all lined up.
The shooting was performed by the NHK HDTV onboard the KAGUYA. The movie data was captured at JAXA, then processed by NHK. The phenomenon expressed as a 'full Earth-rise' can be seen from a satellite that fly around the Moon such as the KAGUYA (SELENE) or the Apollo manned spacecraft. The Earth is almost stationary when it is observed on the Moon, thus a full Earth-rise coming out from the horizon cannot be seen on the Moon.